What to do if you suspect your baby might be allergic to cows’ milk protein

The journey to diagnosis of CMPA:
STEP BY STEP

Signs and symptoms of CMPA
Step 1
Understanding the symptoms of CMPA
Signs and symptoms of CMPA
Signs and symptoms of CMPA
Signs and symptoms of CMPA
Click here to read about the common symptoms of CMPA
Step 2
Does your baby have any of the common symptoms of CMPA?

Signs and symptoms of CMPA
Step 3
Preparing for your doctor's appointment will help to ensure that hey are aware of all your baby's symptom.
Signs and symptoms of CMPA
Final step
Signs and symptoms of CMPA
DIAGNOSIS OF CMPA SHOULD BE MADE BY A MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL

Elimination diet and food challenge

Your doctor or health care professional (HCP) will first examine your baby and ask about any symptoms you may have noticed. If cows' milk allergy (CMA) is suspected, your doctor may then perform specific allergy tests to confirm the diagnosis. These tests may include a blood test, skin prick test, patch test, or elimination diet followed by a food challenge.


It is important that you do not experiment with a cows' milk-free diet for your baby without recommendation and guidance from your HCP. Based on the age of your baby and the severity of the symptoms, your doctor or HCP will recommend the most suitable solution.


The best way for your doctor or HCP to confirm or exclude the diagnosis of CMA is through an elimination diet, which involves eliminating cows' milk protein from your baby’s diet, followed by a food challenge, in which cows' milk protein is reintroduced. Although CMA is rarely observed in breastfed babies, if you are breastfeeding, your doctor will help you eliminate cows' milk protein from your diet.


If your baby has an allergic reaction to cows’ milk protein, you are likely to notice improvements very quickly after starting the elimination diet; most symptoms will disappear within 2 to 4 weeks, and all should completely disappear within 6 weeks. If improvements in symptoms are seen, then your doctor will suggest reintroducing cows' milk protein into your baby’s diet in small amounts to check if symptoms reappear to confirm the diagnosis. If avoiding cows' milk protein does not help your baby, it is unlikely that your baby has CMA, and your doctor or HCP will investigate other possible causes of the symptoms observed.


If the diagnosis of CMA is confirmed, the good news is that with the support of your doctor, it can be managed. The key is to seek support from your doctor as early as possible to ensure a fast and accurate diagnosis.


Diagnosis of CMA should not impact your breastfeeding routine. Mothers are encouraged to continue breastfeeding even when their babies have CMA. This usually requires qualified dietary counselling to completely exclude all sources of cows’ milk protein from the mother’s diet.


Learn more about feeding with CMA
WHAT TO DO NEXT?

Do you suspect that your baby may have cows’ milk allergy?

The most important step is to schedule an appointment with your doctor or HCP to ensure a correct diagnosis.

Check the symptoms

With a wide range of signs and symptoms, CMA can be difficult to recognise. It is particularly difficult when symptoms are similar to the expected behavior of your baby or when they overlap with other conditions.

Learn more about the common signs and symptoms of CMA

Symptom checker

How can I prepare for the doctor’s visit?

By completing “My baby's symptom diary” you may help to support your doctor or HCP with a more accurate and faster diagnosis.




Symptom diary

COMPARISON OF TEST METHODS

Signs and symptoms of CMPA Signs and symptoms of CMPA Signs and symptoms of CMPA Signs and symptoms of CMPA Signs and symptoms of CMPA Signs and symptoms of CMPA
IMPORTANT NOTICE: Breastfeeding is the best form of nutrition for babies and provides many benefits to babies and mothers. It is important that, in preparation for and during breastfeeding, you eat a healthy, balanced diet. Combined breast and bottle feeding in the first weeks of life may reduce the supply of your own breastmilk, and reversing the decision not to breastfeed is difficult. Always consult your healthcare professional for advice about feeding your baby. The social and financial implications of using infant formula should be considered. Improper use of an infant formula or inappropriate foods or feeding methods may present a health hazard. If you use infant formula, you should follow the manufacturer’s instructions for use carefully – failure to follow the instructions may make your baby ill. Formula for special medical purposes intended for infants must be used under medical supervision.