Diabetes and weight loss

What is Type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes develops when the body becomes unable to produce enough insulin or becomes resistant to the insulin it does produce. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body use the glucose in your blood to give you energy. In type 2 diabetes, the shortage of insulin, or the body’s resistance to it, results in a build up of glucose in the blood. If not managed properly, this can lead to a range of very serious health conditions affecting your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. (references1–3)


There are a number of factors that increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, such as age, race, stress and pregnancy. But the single biggest risk factor is being overweight or obese. People with severe obesity are particularly at risk – in fact, almost 90% of people living with the condition are overweight or obese.1–3


Type 2 diabetes can be managed with a healthy diet and increased physical activity, even if you are also taking oral medication and/or insulin. (references1–3) You can refer to here for more info: https://www.nestlehealthscience.co.uk/milestones-dm2


1. Diabetes UK. Diabetes: The basics. Accessed March 2017. Available at: https://www.diabetes.org.uk/Diabetes-the-basics/.

2. Public Health England. Adult obesity and type 2 diabetes. 2014. Accessed March 2017. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/338934/Adult_obesity_and_type_2_diabetes_.pdf.

3. NHS Choices. Type 2 diabetes. 2015. Accessed March 2017. Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/type-2-diabetes/.

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